Aristotle’s big points on the difference between involuntary actions and voluntary actions, what makes a person act on their own accord given dissimilar circumstances? For the most part it’s thought that “actions are involuntary when done, under compulsion or through ignorance”, with that being said Aristotle conducts that only voluntary actions are admirable and or worthy of blame. He defines voluntary actions as any action that originates within the individual and not caused by a driving outside force. The voluntary action is purely by choice, decision and rational thinking. The individual will determine the best action for the best desirable outcome.
This discussion on choice and voluntary or involuntary action ties into his debate about what makes an individual good or evil. He says “we choose to take or avoid some good or evil things”, individuals sway back and forth between the black and white line of the two on what is good and what is bad. People make “bad” decisions every day to either better themselves or better others. The same could be said for making “good” decisions, but what constitutes either? There are cases when someone is propelled to behave dishonorably and no other option can be made, this does not entirely make the person “evil”.